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Open Educational Resources are educational materials and resources that are publicly accessible meaning that they are openly available for anyone to use and under some licenses to re-mix, improve and redistribute.

You may already be familiar with open access journals and books. These materials are not "free". Someone had to create them and costs were borne by some party. But the author or publisher licensed the content so that any member of the public may access it and possibly re-use or re-format it. 

OER is similar in that the individuals who create these resources are licensing the content so that it is publicly accessible and may be re-purposed by others for educational applications.

OER include:

  • Learning content: full courses, course material, content modules, learning objects, collections, and journals.
     
  • Tools: software to support the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learning content including searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems, content development tools, and online learning communities.
     
  • Implementation resources: Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design-principles, and localization of content.

Content provided by Steven Bell at Temple University and made available by a Creative Commons licenses under a 
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
.

OER is a movement in education that seeks to counter costly, commercially produced learning content, typically textbooks, with publicly accessible content that is licensed so that it can be freely distributed and shared. Here is an official definition from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development: 

Digital materials offered freely and openly for educators, students, and self-learners to use and reuse for teaching, learning, and research. OER includes learning content, software tools to develop, use, and distribute content, and implementation resources such as open licences.

Educators and learners as well as learning institutions are driving its development. OER provides an alternative to the rising costs of education. It alleviates the burden of student debt while providing opportunities to students who might not otherwise be able to afford or access materials. In response to the effectiveness of OER compared to traditional commercial textbooks, research now indicates that OER are equally or more effective. Watch the video below in which Dr. John Hilton reviews sixteen research studies comparing OER with traditional textbooks.

OER provides an opportunity to try new ways of teaching and learning, many of which are more collaborative and participatory.  

Content provided by Steven Bell at Temple University and made available by a Creative Commons licenses under a 
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
.

Educators across the K-16 spectrum are taking advantage of OER to (1) move away from traditional textbooks and (2) improve learning by introducing students to more varied and current learning content. In higher education, faculty are adopting OER as a way to save their students money but also increase the likelihood that students will acquire and read learning content. 

If you include free online courses, another type of learning content included in the definition of OER, almost any citizen of the planet who is taking advantage of a free online course, a Kahn Academy Video, an educational video - they are all using OER.

Who isn't using OER. Too often faculty at higher education institutions are not aware of the existence of OER. Academic librarians are joining forces to help create more awareness at their institutions.

Content provided by Steven Bell at Temple University and made available by a Creative Commons licenses under a 
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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