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The Black American Experience
Educator, Author, Literary Critic (1914–1994)
"In our society, it is not unusual for a Negro to experience a sensation that he does not exist in the real world at all. He seems rather to exist in the nightmarish fantasy of the white American mind as a phantom that the white mind seeks unceasingly, by means both crude and subtle, to slay."
Ralph Ellison "An American Dilemma: A Review," Shadow and Act
A Good Starting Point to Understanding the Black American Experience
Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture
This comprehensive and excellent resource was created by the National Museum of African American History & Culture. "
ABOUT THE MUSEUM
The National Museum of African American History and Culture is the only national museum devoted exclusively to the documentation of African American life, history, and culture. It was established by Act of Congress in 2003, following decades of efforts to promote and highlight the contributions of African Americans. To date, the Museum has collected more than 36,000 artifacts and nearly 100,000 individuals have become members. The Museum opened to the public on September 24, 2016, as the 19th and newest museum of the Smithsonian Institution.
There are four pillars upon which the NMAAHC stands:
It provides an opportunity for those who are interested in African American culture to explore and revel in this history through interactive exhibitions
It helps all Americans see how their stories, their histories, and their cultures are shaped and informed by global influences
It explores what it means to be an American and share how American values like resiliency, optimism, and spirituality are reflected in African American history and culture
It serves as a place of collaboration that reaches beyond Washington, D.C. to engage new audiences and to work with the myriad of museums and educational institutions that have explored and preserved this important history well before this museum was created.
The NMAAHC is a public institution open to all, where anyone is welcome to participate, collaborate, and learn more about African American history and culture. In the words of Lonnie G. Bunch III, founding director of the Museum, “there are few things as powerful and as important as a people, as a nation that is steeped in its history.” "
5 Common Problems Faced By African Americans Today
"REACH Media was formed in January 2003 to develop, acquire and partner in quality media and marketing opportunities targeting the African American community and lifestyles. Tom Joyner, radio’s preeminent African-American entertainer REACH Media’s founder, chairperson and majority owner. The Tom Joyner Morning Show is the centerpiece of REACH Media. With the unprecedented sponsorship and advertiser success of The Tom Joyner Morning Show, REACH Media is making inroads in television, events, and commitments to a growing Internet presence. In addition to the popular Tom Joyner Sky Shows, REACH is also in the process of developing potential television and movie projects, as well as offering a major entertainment event targeted to African-Americans.
“This is more than a big step for those of us involved in REACH Media, it’s a big step for African-Americans,” said Joyner. “REACH Media represents a fresh approach to targeting and serving the African American community. Hopefully this approach will result in more opportunities."
How It All Started
African American History Timeline
A comprehensive timeline dating from when Christopher Columbus first landed in America up to the election of Barack Obama.
Timeline: Black History
Many timelines give a date-ordered list of events; this timeline is organized by major events of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
"Timeline enriches our understanding of the present by telling stories of the past. Drawing on the best evidence, sources, and information available, we use the narratives of history to bring context to the news and issues of today. Through text, images, and video we change the way people think about now."
Timeline of African-American history
One of the best timelines on the web, it breaks down the history year by year with links to complete details starting with 1585 through current day.
A list of other related topics, footnotes, recommended reading and external links complete the entry.
Civil Rights Cases (1950s-1960s)
United States, U.S. Civil Rights Movement (1950s-1960s)
Global Nonviolent Action Database states "We mean a technique of struggle that goes beyond institutionalized conflict procedures like law courts and voting, procedures common in many countries. We study the methods of protest, noncooperation, and intervention that typically heighten a conflict – and the use of these methods without the threat or use of injurious force to others.
Our definition is not located in the discourse of morality and ethics, although some people may choose to use nonviolent action for ethical reasons. Instead, we focus descriptively on what people do when they use this specific “technique of struggle.”
"(Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., made a philosophical connection between the injurious force we talk about and the "structural violence" that philosophers and peace scholar Johan Galtung talk about, by saying that campaigners nonviolently confronting police don't make the violence happen but instead raise the underlying injustice to the surface so that, when police or Ku Klux Klan beat and kill campaigners, they make visible the violence that was already there in the form of racism and economic inequality.)"