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AMA Citation Style

Overview of using AMA to format citations

Journal Citation Formats


Author AA. Title of article.  Abbreviated Journal Title, Year of Publicataion; volume #(issue #):inclusive pages.


  • Article titles are typed with first word and proper nouns capitalized.
  • Journal title is abbreviated in italics - A listing of Journals currently indexed in MEDLINE can be found by visiting this link -
  • Volume and issue information can be found identified as volume no.(issue #). * Issue numbers may not always be available. - example 12(2):page #s or 12:page #'s
  • Include a DOI number (if provided) at end of citation.


Yerxa EJ. In search of good ideas for occupational therapy. Scand J Occup Ther, 2014;21:11-19. doi: 10.3109/11038128.2014.952882

DPT Program Exception: Follow AMA style for references, with the following exception: include all authors’ names for articles with up to four authors. If there are five or more authors, list the first three authors followed by et al

Author AA,  Author2 BB, Author3 C, Author4 DD, et al. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Periodical, Year; volume #(issue #):pages. 


Weintraub WS,  Spertus JA, Kolm P, Maron DJ, et al. Effect of PCI on quality of life in patients with stable coronary disease. N Engl J Med, 2008; 359(7):677-687. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa072771.


AMA Article Guidelines:

Article - two to six authors (List each author by Last name followed by Initials.)

Author AA,  Author2 BB, Author3 C, Author4 DD, Author5 AB, Author6, EE. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Periodical, Year; volume #(issue #). pages. 


Article - 7 or more authors (Write out the first three authors followed by "et al")

Author1 AA, Author2 BA, Author3 CA, et al. Title of article.  Title of Periodical, Year:volume #(issue #). pages. 


Weintraub WS,  Spertus JA, Kolm P, et al. Effect of PCI on quality of life in patients with stable coronary disease. N Engl J Med, 2008; 359(7):677-687. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa072771.

Author AA, Author BB.  Title of article. Abbreviate Journal Title. Year;volume #(issue #). Available at: http://xxxxx

Example - Publisher Site URL:

Courtney CA, O'Hearn MA, Franck CC. Frida Kahlo: Portrait of chronic pain. Phys Ther. 2016;97(1). Accessed August 16, 2017.

Use a doi (digital object identifier) when available:

Example - doi:

Courtney CA, O'Hearn MA, Franck CC. Frida Kahlo: Portrait of chronic pain. Phys Ther. 2016;97(1). doi: 10.2522/ptj.20160036. Accessed August 16, 2017.


Database Citations Note: When utilizing the "Cite" tool in CINAHL Complete or SPORTDiscus, please be advised the database uses different citation formatting as seen below. The article's detailed record provides all the required information to create the citation shown above using AMA formatting. The PDF in the box on the left identifies the pieces for the citation.

Courtney, C, O'Hearn M, Franck C. Frida Kahlo: Portrait of chronic pain. Physical Therapy. 2016;97(1). Available from: CINAHL Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed August 16, 2017.

Newspaper Article:

Author AA. Title of article.  Newspaper Title. Month day, year:page #. 

Print Example:

Barrett D, Paletta D. Officials masked severity of Hack. Wall Street Journal - Eastern Edition. June 25, 2015: A1,A4.

Electronic Example:

Brody JE. When sports injuries lead to arthritis in joints. New York Times. =1&pgtype=sectionfront August 14, 2017. Accessed August 16, 2017.

Display Note: The formatting used on this page in some browsers does not allow the same line breaking and word wrapping as word processing software. When creating the citation in your document, insert space breaks within a long URL (after removing the hyperlink) as needed to reach page margins.